Of course, since this is Spanish, there are inexplicable exceptions - I'll tell you about those as we get to them. This isn't a grammar lesson, so to avoid looking like a dictionary, I've just used the male form of the colours.
picazo - freckled or fleabitten. The mother of one picazo Purebred Spanish Horse that we know was as
freckled as he is - and she was champion mare of Spain.
ANDALUSIAN HORSE COLOURS - BLACK
BLACK - NEGRO
There are studs that specialise in producing bay or black andalusian
andalusians - and the best lines have produced some outstanding horses.
Bay and black Andalusian Horses may or may not have white markings.
If there are white hairs scatter-mixed in places with the dark hairs of a black or bay coat, this is known as
entrepelado - there are 'hairs among the hair'.
In Passing: There are breeders in Spain
producing black Andalusian Horses, and those who are known for their bay PRE's.
Distinctive bloodlines have combined colour with functionality, resulting in good horses.
In turn, a good grey Pura Raza Española Horse is an equal delight. It's what makes Andalusian Horse colours a part of the balance
ANDALUSIAN HORSE COLOURS - CHESTNUT
ALAZANO is the colour known as chestnut to the English-speaking world. - PALOMINO
Now in the list of accepted colors, a chestnut andalusian is still quite unusual.
Here's some of that grammatical illogic.
A Palomino Andalusian horse is described as a PERLA - this is one word that doesn’t follow the
male end-in–‘o’ rule. Palomino Spanish Stallion or palomino mare - both are perlas.
Palomino Purebred Spanish Horses are still quite unusual, as palominos owe their colouring to chestnut input in the gene pool.
I've seen some striking palomino Andalusian Horses registered as CDE. (These are the ones generally referred to as
meaning that only one parent is a registered PRE.)
The other parent then could well be a PSL - Pure Lusitano - as the unique colours, including cremello, are often found in this breed.
- and BUCKSKIN
BAYO – which sounds like it should mean Bay - in turn means Buckskin.
A dun Purebred Spanish horse, and what is known in the United States as a buckskin Andalusian are accepted colors in the Spanish stud book registry.
Breeders who anticipated the opening of the registry and persisted with the unusual colours are now reaping their rewards. At SICAB 2005 there were a few studs presenting Buckskin Purebred Spanish Horses, and almost Champagne-coloured Andalusians.
In Passing: There are a number of good sites dealing with the subject of genetic influence on coat colours. They speak of 'dilutes', 'double dilutes' cream genes and the findings surrounding these. It's not been a major issue in Spain up to now, though we may well find things changing.
What Colour is He?
This is a stallion from a recognised, highly respected stud, breeding PRE's. He caused a minor sensation at SICAB 2005. My reading of his colour is champagne - though that would need to be confirmed by an analysis. Champagne is still rare as a color in the Pure Spanish Horse.
These are photos snapped as I went through the hall - I didn't adjust for lighting, and these do not do him justice.
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Talking about Spanish horses for sale
Juan Llamas in This is the Spanish Horse
details the Andalusian horse colors. He also lists rules of heredity that determine which colors can be bred through genetical lines.
Alicia Picatoste, vet, rider and judge of Spanish horses, has published a detailed article on the genetics of coat colours.
More details on both in our andalusian books page.